foundation truth

Lesson 32 - mankind

The Bible teaches us of a loving God who desired to express His love. Because of His love, God created mankind in His own likeness.
Genesis 1:26-28

WHAT WAS MANKIND’S ORIGIN?

  • Atheistic evolution – This is the theory that mankind is simply the product of the evolving simple forms of life. But the Bible says this is the attitude of the fool. Psalm 14:1
  • Theistic evolution – This is the theory that God used the evolutionary process to bring about the development of mankind. But the Bible says that each species produces after their kind. Genesis 1:11, 12, 21, 24, 25
  • Theistic creation – This is the belief that God made mankind in His own likeness and after His own kind. Genesis 2:7

WHAT IS THE NATURE OF MANKIND?

The psalmist asks this question in Psalm 8:4.

  • Mankind was both created and made. Isaiah 45:12; Genesis 1:26, 2:3. Four Hebrew words are used in Genesis 1 and 2 of the creation.
    • Bara = to create out of nothing. Genesis 1:1
    • Asah = to make either from something or from nothing. Genesis 1:26
    • Yasar = To squeeze or to mold into shape. Genesis 2:7
    • Banah = to build. Genesis 2:22
  • Mankind is dependent. Acts 17:26-28
  • Mankind is intelligent. Genesis 1:28, 2:19, 20; Isaiah 1:18
  • Mankind is moral. Genesis 3:22. We were created with free will. Joshua 24:15; Revelation 17:14. The capacity to choose is probably our greatest power. Ecclesiastes 3:1-11
  • Mankind is a triune being. I Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12 We were made in the likeness of a triune God. Genesis 1:26

WHAT ARE THE THREE PARTS OF MANKIND?

Spirit

Through our spirit, we relate to the spirit world. John 4:24

There are three basic functions of our spirit.

  • Conscience – by which we know right and wrong. John 8:9
  • Communion – by which we fellowship the spirit world. Proverbs 20:27
  • Creativity – the ability to create. Psalm 139:14-15; Ecclesiastes
    2:4, 5, 6

Soul

Through our soul we relate to ourselves and others. Acts 2:32

There are three basic functions of our soul.

  • Mind – the seat of our intelligence. Romans 12:1, 2
  • Will – the power and ability to choose. Philippians 1:22
  • Emotion – the ability to feel. I Peter 3:8

Body

Through our bodies, we relate to the natural world. I Corinthians 15:44

There are three basic ways that we relate to the world around us.

  • Space – we are limited to one place at a time. Hebrews 10:5
  • Time – we are like a clock winding down. Psalm 90:10
  • Senses – touch, taste, see, smell, and hear. Mark 5:29

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF MANKIND’S CREATION?

  • Fellowship Revelation 4:11; Genesis 1:26, 3:8
  • Dominion Hebrews 2:5-8; Genesis 1:28
  • Love Deuteronomy 6:5; I John 4:7-8
  • Reproduction Genesis 1:28, 4:1

The very refurbishing of planet earth was for mankind. God was preparing paradise as home for His children.

WHY DOES MANKIND DIE?

It is God’s intent that mankind lives forever. Ezekiel 18:23, 32; II Peter 3:9

Death is the result of sin. James 1:15; Romans 6:23

Death is an enemy to mankind and to Jesus Christ. I Corinthians 15:24-26

The original sin was through deception and rebellion. I Timothy 2:14; Genesis 3:6

Look at the consequences of the original sin:

  • Shame Genesis 2:25, 3:7
  • Fear Genesis 3:8.10
  • Discord Genesis 3:12, 13
  • Death Genesis 2:17, 5:5; Psalm 90:10
  • Sorrow Genesis 3:16
  • Fatigue Genesis 3:17-19
  • Separation Genesis 3:23, 24

WHAT IS THE DESTINY OF MANKIND?

Mankind was made in the likeness of a living God; therefore, this natural life cannot be our final destiny. Mark 12:18-27

False views of mankind’s destiny:

  • Restorationalism – This is the belief that everything (including the devil) will ultimately be restored to right relationship with God. Acts 3:21; Matthew 25:46
  • Soul sleep – This is the belief that the soul is asleep between death and the resurrection. II Corinthians 5:6-9; Philippians 1:23-24;
    Revelation 6:9-12
  • Purgatory – This is the belief that those who die with venial (lesser) sin must go to a place of purifying sufferings before being allowed to enter heaven. Hebrews 9:24-28; I John 1:9; Psalm 49:7-9
  • Reincarnation – This is the belief that the soul goes through an evolutionary process of rebirths in returning to earth again and again as different individuals. Malachi 4:5; Matthew 11:10-14, 17:1-4; II Kings 2:15

True views of mankind’s destiny:

Before Calvary

There was a three-part compartment located in the heart of the earth known as Hades to the Greek and Sheol to the Hebrew. The three parts are as follows:

  • Paradise – place of the departed righteous
  • Hades – a place of the departed unrighteous
  • Great gulf dividing Paradise and Hades

Luke 16:19-31

At Calvary

When Jesus died, He went to the place of the unrighteous dead. I Peter 3:18-20; Acts 2:27, 31

Jesus did this as a sin offering for mankind. II Corinthians 5:21 Jesus had promised to meet the repentant thief in Paradise that very day. Luke 23:43 So, Jesus tasted death (Hebrews 2:9) and then stripped the devil of his authority (Hebrew 2:14) and kept His appointment (Revelation 1:18) in Paradise.

After Calvary

At Jesus’ resurrection, He spoiled principalities and powers of darkness in releasing all the righteous captives. Ephesians 4:8-10; Colossians 2:14-15; Matthew 27:51-53 He then moved Paradise to the heavens. II Corinthians 12:4; I Thessalonians 4:13-14 Now, all those who die in Christ go immediately to heaven. II Corinthians 5:8

The unrighteous dead are still in Hades awaiting their final judgment and sentencing. Revelation 20:11-15

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About the Author: Dr. Dale Yerton

Dr. Yerton serves as an overseer of a network of churches across the world. What began as a network of six church groups representing 500 churches in Mexico has grown into an international ministry. 

He and Evelyn, his wife over fifty years, live in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. They have two daughters: Lora–married to the Rev. Vince Farrell, pastors of Journey Church in Hopkinsville, Kentucky–and Kari—also of Hopkinsville–and are the proud grandparents of Emma and Bennett Farrell.

Dale Yerton