foundation truth

Lesson 31 - Angelology

There is much ignorance, fear, and superstition about angels. Yet, the Bible speaks of angels 296 times. The book of Revelation refers to
angels 76 times, which is more than any other book in the Bible. The Lord Jesus Christ spoke of angels often and was personally ministered to by them. The word “angel” means a messenger.

The Jews were greatly divided over their beliefs about angels. Acts 23:6-9 best describes their difference of opinion.

The Scripture gives a strong warning about intruding too far into the unknown spirit world by the carnal mind of speculation. Colossians 2:18-19

WHAT ARE THE CLASSIFICATIONS OF ANGELS?

The Archangels I Thessalonians 4:16

  • Michael – His name means, “Who is like God?” Daniel 10:21, 12:1; Jude 9; Revelation 12:7 Michael is usually seen as a special protector of Israel.
  • Gabriel – His name means, “Strength of God.” Daniel 8:16-19, 9:21-23, 10:5-21; Luke 1:19, 26 Gabriel is seen as God’s special messenger.
  • Lucifer – His name means, “The light bearer.” Isaiah 14:12- 14; Ezekiel 28:11-17; Ephesians 2:2 Lucifer is usually considered as the fallen archangel.

The Seraphim

This title means “The Burning Ones.” Isaiah 6:1-7; John 12:39-41

The Cherubim

This title probably means “to bless, to praise, to adore.”

  • Cherubim of the Garden of Eden. Genesis 3:24
  • Cherubim of the Tabernacle of Moses. Exodus 26:1
  • Cherubim of the Ark of the Covenant. Exodus 25:18-20
  • Cherubim of Solomon’s Temple. I Kings 6:23-35
  • Cherubim of Ezekiel’s vision. Ezekiel 1:4-28, 10:1-20
  • Cherubim of John’s revelation. Revelation 4:6-8

The Jehovah Angel

The title “Angel of the Lord,” many times refers to a theophany. “Theos” means from God and “Phaneroo” meaning an appearance. A theophany or a Christophany means an Old Testament revelation of Jesus Christ to planet Earth. Jesus is not a created being or an angel, but this is one way He chose to reveal Himself to mankind in the Old Testament.

  • To Hagar. Genesis 16:7-11
  • To Abraham. Genesis 18:1-22
  • To Jacob. Genesis 32:24-30; Hosea 12:4
  • To Joshua. Joshua 5:13, 14
  • To Gideon. Judges 6:11-22

The Multitude of Heavenly Hosts

There are many different titles given to the innumerable angelic host. Daniel 7:10; Revelation 5:11

  • Thrones-Powers-Dominions – Colossians 1:16
  • Elect – I Timothy 5:21
  • Flames of Fire – Psalm 104:4; Hebrews 1:7
  • Hosts of God – Daniel 8:13; Matthew 25:31
  • Morning Stars – Job 38:7
  • Princes – Daniel 10:13, 20, 21, 12:1
  • Sons of God – Job 1:6, 2:1
  • Sons of the Mighty – Psalms 82:1, 89:6
  • Watchers – Daniel 4:13-23; I Corinthians 4:9

WHAT IS THE NATURE OF ANGELS?

  • They are created spirit beings. Psalm 148:2,5; Hebrews 1:13-14
  • They are a higher order than man. Hebrews 2:7, 9; II Peter 2:11
  • They have intelligence and a free will. Jude 6, 9
  • They are invisible. Colossians 1:16, 2:18

WHAT IS THE CHARACTER OF ANGELS?

  • They worship God and reject the worship of themselves. Nehemiah 9:6; Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 5:11-12, 19:10; 22:8-9
  • They are submissive and obedient. II Peter 2:11; Jude 9; I Peter 3:22; I Corinthians 11:10; Matthew 26:53
  • They are holy and modest. Mark 8:38; Revelation 14:10; Isaiah 6:2; Ezekiel 1:11
  • They are observant and helpful. I Corinthians 4:9; I Peter 1:12; Ephesians 3:9-10; Hebrews 1:14
  • They rejoice over God’s creation. Job 38:7; Luke 2:13, 15:10

WHAT IS THE MINISTRY OF ANGELS?

Angels have access to both heaven and earth. Matthew 18:10

  • They minister to God in worship. Revelation 4:11-12
  • They minister to the needs of believers on earth. Hebrews 1:14; Psalm 91:11-12

We are surrounded by angels. Psalm 34:7; II Kings 6:15-17; Hebrews 12:22-24

WHAT ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF ANGELIC MINISTRY?

In the Old Testament:

  • Angels rescue Lot. Genesis 19:1-24
  • Angel brings judgment against David. II Samuel 24:16-17 I Chronicles 21:14-20
  • Angel feeds Elijah. I Kings 19:5-7
  • Angel preserves Daniel’s life. Daniel 6:22
  • Angel slays the Assyrian army. Isaiah 37:36

In the New Testament: The Gospels:

  • At Jesus’ birth. Luke 1:26-28; Matthew 1:20-24; 2:13
  • At Jesus’ wilderness temptation. Matthew 4:11
  • At Jesus’ Gethsemane trial. Luke 22:43
  • At Jesus’ resurrection. Matthew 28:2-7; John 20:12
  • At Jesus’ ascension. Acts 1:10, 11

In the New Testament: The Book of Acts

  • At the apostles’ imprisonment. Acts 5:19-20
  • At the Ethiopian Eunuch’s conversion. Acts 8:26
  • At Peter’s imprisonment. Acts 12:7-11
  • King Herod is killed by an angel. Acts 12:23
  • At Paul’s shipwreck. Acts 27:23-24

In the New Testament: In the book of Revelation:

  • In the opening of the seals. Revelation 6:1, 3, 5, 7
  • In the sealing of God’s servants. Revelation 7:1-3
  • In the trumpet judgments. Revelation 8:1-8, 10, 12, 9:1, 13, 11:5
  • At Michael’s war against the dragon. Revelation 12:7-9
  • In the bowl judgments. Revelation 15:1, 16:1-4, 8, 10, 12, 17
  • At Armageddon. Revelation 14:17-20, 16:16
  • In the revealing of the harlot and the bride. Revelation 17:1, 21:9
  • In the binding of the devil. Revelation 20:1-3

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About the Author: Dr. Dale Yerton

Dr. Yerton serves as an overseer of a network of churches across the world. What began as a network of six church groups representing 500 churches in Mexico has grown into an international ministry. 

He and Evelyn, his wife over fifty years, live in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. They have two daughters: Lora–married to the Rev. Vince Farrell, pastors of Journey Church in Hopkinsville, Kentucky–and Kari—also of Hopkinsville–and are the proud grandparents of Emma and Bennett Farrell.

Dale Yerton